The Derby trolleybus system opened on 10 January 1932 and it gradually replaced the Derby tramway network. The trolleybus system was opened just a year after London United Tramways, although nearby Nottingham had started using trolleybuses five years before. The trolleybuses operated by Derby Corporation led to the last Derby tram being eventually withdrawn from regular routes at the end of June with a special last journey on 2 July 1934.
By the standards of the various, now defunct, trolleybus systems in the United Kingdom, the Derby system was a medium-sized one, with a total of 11 routes, and a maximum fleet of 73 trolleybuses. The system was much cheaper to run than motorbuses but the end was signaled when proposed extensions to the network were blocked by protest to the additional poles and cabling that would be required. The system was closed on 9 September 1967.
There were,, over the years, 165 Derby trolleybuses passing through the fleet although this figure includes six that were second-hand. Five of the former Derby system trolleybuses are now preserved. 175 is kept at the Trolleybus Museum's off site Westgate store in Belton, near the Museum. A second, number 172 is at the Trolleybus Museum at Sandtoft. A third is based (but privately owned) at the East Anglia Transport Museum, Carlton Colville, Suffolk and runs regularly. The other two are privately owned and stored at unknown locations in the U.K.